A survey was conducted in Rai District of Sonipat, Haryana, in order to understand the details about the role of smartphones in the consumption of news, propaganda, and other information. 300 individuals were recruited from 4 villages in Rai district for one-on-one in-person interviews. The results indicated that penetration of smartphone usage was high, but gender and caste-based inequality showed in the response bias. T.V and newspaper still dominated over smartphones as a source for news. There was significant awareness among the population about the presence of fake news but there existed a general apathy/ resignation with regard to fact-checking. A few case studies also reveal the certain unquantifiable findings.
This paper attempts to understand the differences in coverage of the Kashmir issue by APP and China Daily through a content analysis of the same. Comparing state-run news agencies would provide valuable insight into how these media houses reflect foreign policy stances of either country and their attempts at propaganda. This paper will also look at the tone of the reportage, and also the key themes that come up in either.